If you like poetry, you will love our new section at
The section is still developing, however you can use it right now! If you want to find it, click on Kultura (Polish site) and then on banner Poezja. We publish poetry and info about the authors there. Please, check it out.
All you need in this life is ignorance and confidence - and then success is sure.
Surround yourself with friends - join the group of visitors and authors of
We invite you to wander together with www.pogranicze.eu
if you plan holidays, travels, rest, adventure:
>> see Tourism
Tourism from Lvov
>> visit History
>> plan Way of Wooden Architecture
„to the mountains and to the valleys dear Brother, where adventure you can gather”
nice rest, unforgettable views, sensations and memories, good weather
- that is what Zakapior wishes you.
|Aquaparks & thermal pools... ... Spas and wellness... (News)
Aquapark Thermal Oravice
Location: Žilinský kraj, okres Tvrdošín, Vitanová.
The modern thermal park is built in the wonderful surrounding of Orava, close to the border with Poland. The highly mineralized thermal water, which springs in the depth of more than 1 kilometer, works curing/healing on psychic and stress and is used/utilized in balneotherapy.
Location: Žilinský kraj, okres Ružomberok, Lúčky.
Spa Lúčky lying on the limits of regions Liptov and Orava is the one of oldest in Slovakia. It is popular for it provides complete therapy of gynecological diseases, and it is the only spa in the county specialized in women's diseases.
Locals know the mineral springs since 1761.
The decisive healing element here is the plaster-earthy carbonic mineral water of the spa spring with the water temperature of 32°C. It contains natural carbon dioxide.
Bath tubs, peat wrappings, steam baths and other procedures applying the local medicinal water are used often along with massages, physical or rehabilitation exercises.
|... monitoring... (News)
M.D. Yunko Read More...
Candidate of Geology and Mineralogy
SOURCES OF CONTAMINATION OF TRANSBORDER RIVERS IN THE LVIV REGION BORDER AREA
The largest watercourses, which run from the territory of Lvov Region into Sub Carpathian Province, are the rivers Vyshnia, Shklo, Zavadivka (Lyubachivka). Potential sources of contamination for the Vyshnya River can be emergency dumping of waste water from the towns of Horodok, Sudova Vyshnya, Mostys’ka and Shehynya. A border control station is found in the locality of Stazhava. The quality of water by estimate as far as content of nitric and manganese compounds is concerned refers to Class 3...
Along the Polish – Ukrainian border there runs the Western Bug River in the basin of which are found such big towns as Lvov, Chervonograd, Sokal as well as Dobrotvir electric power station and Chervonograd coal field mines. All this threatens with potential technogeneous contamination of the boundary river. The map fragment in Fig.4 shows the Bug river basin...
|Gino Paradise - Adventure and fun (News)
Bešeňová Travertine Formation
Location: Žilinský kraj, okres Ružomberok, Bešeňová.
The village of Bešeňová is one of the few precious places with occurrence of "freshwater" limestone, so-called travertine. These precious calcite forms raised thanks to mineral contents of water, its temperature and, of course, the surface and structure of the landscape. If you have some free time, come and visit this "forsaken" pit situated to the north of the village.
Aqua park Tatralandia - Liptovský Mikuláš
Location: Žilinský kraj, okres Liptovský Mikuláš,
- summer in any season.
Discover a tropical paradise under the Tatra Mountains with year-round temperatures of 30°C (86°F) and the beneficial effects of thermal and salt water. Experience adventure and fun all in one place. Try out 26 slides, get refreshed in 14 pools, take flight with Super fly Tatralandia or relax in 19 saunas with various spa procedures.
|Geothermal water from High Tatra Mountains... (News)
Thermal Pool Vrbov near Kežmarok
Location: Prešovský kraj, okres Kežmarok, Vrbov.
In the Thermal Pool Vrbov you will find the right geothermal water, which is considered one of the best mineral waters in Central Europe containing important mineral substances for the human body.
Geothermal water, which the pools are filled by, springs from a depth of over 2000 m and contains minerals with beneficial effects on the musculoskeletal and respiratory system, nervous system, skin and cardiovascular system.
Aqua park Aqua city Poprad
Location: Prešovský kraj, okres Poprad.
Aqua City Poprad is a modern and eco-friendly tourist resort which is literally self-sufficient in terms of energy. Using geothermal water and solar energy on a daily basis prevents tones of carbon dioxide from being released into the atmosphere. Aqua City manages to cut energy costs and return the savings back to customers in the form of affordable eco-friendly luxury.
|... on the UNESCO from Małopolska (PL)... (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
Wooden Architecture Route Read More...
251 most valuable and highly interesting historic wooden buildings form the Wooden Architecture Route in Małopolska. Along the trail are picturesque Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic and Orthodox churches, tall bell-towers, Old Polish manor and detached houses, heritage parks, all of which are considered invaluable legacy of folk culture that stood the test of time.
The Wooden Architecture Route came into existence in 2001 as a result of the efforts of Małopolska Region. As soon as the design phase of the route was completed and working partnerships established with neighboring regions information boards and way finding signs were put in place.
In 2003 four wooden churches in Małopolska were entered onto the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. Among them are: the Parish Church of St. Michael the Archangel in Binarowa, the Parish Church of St. Michael the Archangel in Dębno Podhalańskie, St. Leonard’s Church in Lipnica Murowana and the Filial Church of St. Philip and St. Jacob in Sękowa.
In 2008 route signs were renewed and supplemented.
We have high hopes that this service will prove informative and help you plan your itinerary for your trip to Małopolska. We also invite your comments and feedback.
* Lipnica Murowana - 15th
* Brunary Wyżne - 1797
* Kwiatoń - 17th
* Owczary - 1653
* Sękowa - 16th
* Binarowa - 1500
* Powroźnik - 1600
The Parish Church of St. Michael the Archangel in Dębno Podhalańskie was built in 1490, with a spire added in 1601. The church’s emergence is linked to the activity of the Cistercians in Ludźmierz, but the first reliable mention dates from 1335. The interior church walls are decorated by unique painting and polychrome work from the C15th-C16th, featuring geometric and floral motifs in a striped arrangement. Inside the church you can see: a late-gothic triptych in the main altar dating from the early C16th, a historical cross from 1380, a unique C15th xylophone and a tabernacle from the early C14th.
In 2003 the building was entered onto the UNESCO World Heritage List.
|The Wooden Architecture route in Dąbrowa Tarnowska (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
All Saints’ Church - in Dąbrowa Tarnowska (1771) under the patronage of the canon of Kraków, Kajetan Potocki. The three-nave church is an interesting example of baroque wooden architecture, recalling brick models. This basilica church possesses two chapels which form a transept. The interior, divided into naves by arcades, is covered by false vaulting. There is polychrome decoration in the late-baroque tradition which dates from the second half of the C19th. The majority of the fitting are rococo and date from the C18th. The oldest and most valuable work of art in the church is the C15th/C16th late-gothic crucifix. Read More...
|The Wooden Architecture route in Wierzchosławice (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
The “Wincenty Witos House” Museum in Wierzchosławice is a peasant’s farm house built by the “leader from Wierzchosławice” himself. He built the farm house on land he received with his wife’s dowry. The farm known as the Witos farm by the village inhabitants consists of a complex of wooden buildings arranged in a square: these are, a residence, a stable containing the permanent historical exhibition and museum office, two barns (one has an exhibition of the flags of peasant parties and organizations) and a cellar. Read More...
|The Wooden Architecture route in Wojnicz (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
St. Leonard’s Church in Wojnicz dates from the second half of the (C16th) and has come down to the present day almost unaltered. It is a single-nave building built using log construction and covered by a single-ridge roof. In the nave you can see false arched vaulting with coffering, while in the chancel there is a flat ceiling. The interior of the church is decorated by three neo-renaissance altars from the end of the C19th. The main altar contains four copies of C16th renaissance paintings, depicting: The Annunciation of the BVM and St. Leonard with chains, aith on the right St. Catherine, and on the left St Helena. Read More...
|The Wooden Architecture route in Zawada (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
St. Martin’s Parish Church in Zawada (C15th) stands on the crest of a hill. The church interior has impressive C20th polychrome decoration figurative on the ceilings and ornamental on the walls. The oldest fitting elements are the four late-gothic bas-reliefs on the choir parapet. Another precious relic is the late-gothic crucifix from the beginning of the C16th. The early-baroque main altar from the first half of the C17th contains a painting of St. Martin which also dates from the same period. A curiosity is the chain, hung between the nave and chancel, which was probably produced by a blind pastor from a single piece of wood. Read More...
|The Wooden Architecture route in Skrzyszów (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
The Parish Church of St. Stanisław the Bishop in Skrzyszów was erected in (1517), and in the C18th the nave was enlarged and a pillar spire with a gallery surrounding the bell house (a hourdis) was added. Towards the end of the C18th two large chapels, female and male, were added to the nave, forming a transept. The church walls and ceiling are covered by art nouveau polychrome from 1907 along with the remnants of older polychrome: late-gothic from around 1517 and rococo from 1777. Among the oldest and most interesting fitting elements are the late-gothic choir stalls in the chancel (turn of the C16th), on which you can make out the Tarnowski crest of arms - the Leliwa. Read More...
|The Wooden Architecture route in Szymbark (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
Zakapior Read More...
- The Greek Catholic Parish Church of the Nativity of the Mother of God - 1790-1821
- The Auxiliary Church of St. Adalbert - 1782
- Kasztel Gładyszów
The Folk Building Centre in Szymbark, a branch of the Courts of the Karwacjans and Gładyszes Museum, has since September 1987 displayed an exhibition of the folk building and culture of the inhabitants of Pogórze Gorlickie. It consists of over a dozen buildings dating from the end of the C19th and the beginning of the C20th, which are fitted out with their old furniture and appliances. Other attractions are the windmills from the early C20th, brought from Kryg and Ropa. Next to the renaissance castle stands an early C20th wooden manor house from Gorlice, the so called “drogomistrzówka”, inside of which an exhibition of courtly life has been set up.
Photo (Jan, Zakapior)
|The Wooden Architecture route in Bartne end Bodaki (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
Zakapior Read More...
* Bodaki - 1902 - the Greek Catholic Paris Church
* Bodaki - 1932 - the Filial Orthodox Church
* Bartne - 1842 - the Greek Catholic Parish Church
* Bartne - 1928-29 - the Orthodox Parish Church
The village of Bartne has Lemko buildings, characteristic for the entire Lemko region. The typical old Lemko house was the so-called “chyża”„,” which contained the whole household and farm under one roof. The building was divided by a threshing floor; on one side were the living quarters, while on the other was the stable, cowshed or sheepfold. The attics were most often used as places for storing the hay or corn. The houses were usually thatched. The walls were painted sky-blue, the windows decorated by borders with large black or white spots, and the space between the beams was white-washed with lime. The richest decoration is found in the East Lemko region.
Photo (Jan, Zakapior)
|The Wooden Architecture route - Pogórzanie (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
* Ptaszkowa - 1555 Read More...
* Wilczyska - 1605
* Szalowa - 1736
* Ropa - 1761
* Rożnowice - 1756
* Libusza - 1513
photo - mapofpoland.pl, Bohdan Zhukiewicz (Jan, zakapior, bo)
The church of St Philip and St James the Apostles,
- is one of the most beautiful monuments of wooden architecture in Poland. It was erected at the beginning of the 16" century what is testified by a late gothic baptismal font in the form of a chalice with an engraved date 1522. The characteristic silhouette of the church is unique due to the steep roof joining the roofs of the arcading (the so-called soboty) and finally almost reaching the ground. Among interesting architectural details there is a late gothic portal and windows in the choir closed with keel arches. The most valuable furnishings of the church are as follows: panel painting in the high alter depicting saints Nicholas, Anthony and Bernard of Siena dated to the 16" century and an old relief over the mensal with the presentation of Death of Virgin Mary surrounded by the Apostles.
Since 1883 art historians and conservators demonstrated a great interest in the church. It is depicted in the drawings of Stanisław Wyspiański, Józef Mehoffer, Władysław Tetmajer and other artists of the epoch.
During the First World War Austrian and Hungarian army devastated the church thoroughly, demolishing it to strengthen the trenches and for making fire; the furnishing were also destroyed completely. Immediately after the military actions stopped senator Władysław Długosz started, and most probably financed, the reconstruction of the church.
The Parish Church of St. Michael the Archangel was erected in around 1500. It is a log building surrounded by a covered veranda (soboty), with a post-frame construction spire added in 1596. The interior is a decorative art gallery: the ceiling has precious paintings from the beginning of the C16th, while the walls have baroque biblical cycles and in the chapel there is unique polychrome decoration from 1655. The most precious church fittings are the gothic sculptures dating from the end of the C14th: Madonna with Child, and the bas-reliefs of St. Margaret, St. Dorothy, St. Catherine and St. Barbara, found in the side altars. In 2003 the church was entered onto the UNESCO World Heritage List.
|The Wooden Architecture route in Krynica Zdrój end Tylicz end Powroźnik (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
Krynica Zdrój Read More...
The health resort buildings date from the second half of the C19th. They consist of grand wooden villas, modeled on the architecture of Alpine health resorts and often recalling the so-called Swiss style, but also including features of native building styles. They were built using log-construction or post-frame construction, and possess extensive porches supported on pillars, and balconies with decorative balustrades. The oldest of the buildings is the pump room.
The “Romanówka” villa was built in the middle of the C19th as a holiday guest house in the growing Krynica health resort. It fulfilled this function for over 100 years. After being moved to its current location and the interior being adapted, the building was opened in 1994 as the Nikifor Museum / “Romanówka” Art Gallery, a branch of the District Museum in Nowy Sącz. In it you can marvel at the paintings of Epifian Drowniak, the famous naive painter and Lemko known as Nikifor Krynicki. The architecture of the villa, built in the so-called Swiss style, is an example of the health-resort’s eclecticism.
*- The Auxiliary Church of the Transfiguration of Our Lord and Our Lady - 1863
*- The Filial Greek Catholic Church of the Protection of the Mother of God - 1887-88
Photo (Jan, Zakapior)
*- The Parish Church of St. Peter and St. Paul - 1612
*- The Greek Catholic Parish Church of St. Cosmas - 1743
The Greek Catholic Parish Church of St. Jacob the Younger (currently a Roman Catholic Parish Church) was built in 1600 and is therefore the oldest Orthodox Church in the Polish Carpathians. It was repeatedly repaired, and in 1813-14, after a flood, it was moved to its current location. The interior layout is tripartite with square rooms. The walls of the sacristy are covered by precious figurative polychrome from 1607. The rich church fittings include an iconostasis from 1743-44, currently partially dismantled, an C18th baroque side altar with a painting of Christ at the Column, and many valuable icons including The Last Judgment from 1623.
Photo (Jan, Zakapior)
|The Wooden Architecture route in Stary end Nowy Sącz (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
The Ethnographic Park, District Museum in Nowy Sącz.
The wooden buildings that have been preserved in Stary Sącz date from the mid-C19th they are wide-façade buildings with a manor house feel as well as free-standing rural houses. The latter have interesting gates with an unusual arrangement of planks on the door frame surface, or panel decoration. The buildings on the market square consist of bourgeois brick houses from the end of the C18th, built after the town fire of 1795. Among the most beautiful is the C17th “Dom na Dołkach” (“House on the Pits”), erected from stone and covered by a shingled roof. One precious Stary Sącz wooden building is the Szekler Gate a gift from the Szeklers of Transylvania for John Paul II on the occasion of the canonization of St. Kinga.
|The Wooden Architecture route in Krościenko n/Dunajcem end Szczawnica Zdrój (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
Bohdan Zhukiewicz Read More...
Krościenko nad Dunajcem
The buildings date from the C19th. The most valuable are those on the south frontage of the rectangular market square - four houses from the first half of the C19th, set gable-end on to the square and sharing common walls. Noteworthy are the houses from the second half of the C19th which are more imposing and have more floors, displaying spa architecture. Whereas in the Zawodzie district on Zdrojowa Street there are a number of 1930s log-construction wooden buildings, built to fulfill the needs of the growing spa. Characteristic of this architecture is the rich carpentry decoration of the porches and columned balconies.
|The Wooden Architecture route in Sromowce Niżne (Way of Wooden Architecture from Malopolska)
St. Catherine’s Church in Sromowce Niżne probably arose in 1513. Towards the end of the 1980s a new brick church was erected which took over the function of the parish church. The old church was built using log construction with vertically boarded and molded walls. The nave and chancel are the same width and are covered by a uniform shingled polygonal roof. The interior ceilings are flat. A precious relic is the gothic triptych from the end of the C14th with a copy of a sculpture of Madonna with Child. Two wings of a C15th triptych and a C16th wooden gothic font were moved to the new church. Read More...