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If you like poetry, you will love our new section at
The section is still developing, however you can use it right now! If you want to find it, click on Kultura (Polish site) and then on banner Poezja. We publish poetry and info about the authors there. Please, check it out.

www.pl.pogranicze.eu
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All you need in this life is ignorance and confidence - and then success is sure.
Surround yourself with friends - join the group of visitors and authors of
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contact us:
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if you plan holidays, travels, rest, adventure:
>> see Tourism
Tourism from Lvov
>> visit History
>> plan Way of Wooden Architecture

„to the mountains and to the valleys dear Brother, where adventure you can gather”

nice rest, unforgettable views, sensations and memories, good weather
- that is what Zakapior wishes you.
------------------------------

Latest Articles
Gal-EXPO zaprasza... (News)


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UNESCO from SK... (News)

Cultural Heritage
   Three localities from Slovakia were inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage List already in 1993: Castle of Spiš and its environs, Banská Štiavnica and Vlkolínec. In 2000, the historic town Bardejov was added, in 2008 wooden churches of the Slovak part of Carpathian Mountain Area and in 2009 town Levoča.
   The Castle of Spi
š http://slovakia.travel/en/places-to-go/top-10-in-slovakia/spis-castle#prettyPhoto is the largest medieval castle compound in central Europe along with the little town of Spišské Podhradie (with typical Renaissance and Baroque burgher houses), the Church town of Spišská Kapitula http://slovakia.travel/en/spisska-kapitula-the-spis-chapter (including several sacral monuments and above all the impressing two tower cathedral of St Martin) and the Gothic church of the Holy Spirit in Žehra from the 14th century and frescoes in its interior from the 14th and 15th centuries. Well conserved monuments along with the charming natural setting of the travertine territory of the National Nature Reserve Dreveník forms a unique whole.
   In June 2009, the historic town of Levo
ča
was included in this group of Spiš monuments. Banská is a town monument reserve which demonstrates the mining tradition in Slovakia, Vlkolinec represents a reserve of traditional folk architecture and Bardejov is considered to be the most Gothic town in Slovakia.

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... monitoring... (News)

M.D. Yunko
General Director
PJSC Girhimprom

A.M Gaidin
Candidate of Geology and Mineralogy


SOURCES OF CONTAMINATION OF TRANSBORDER RIVERS IN THE LVIV REGION BORDER AREA

SUBCARPATHIAN PROVINCE

   The largest watercourses, which run from the territory of Lvov Region into Sub Carpathian Province, are the rivers Vyshnia, Shklo, Zavadivka (Lyubachivka). Potential sources of contamination for the Vyshnya River can be emergency dumping of waste water from the towns of Horodok, Sudova Vyshnya, Mostys’ka and Shehynya. A border control station is found in the locality of Stazhava. The quality of water by estimate as far as content of nitric and manganese compounds is concerned refers to Class 3...

LYUBELLA
PROVINCE

   Along the Polish – Ukrainian border there runs the Western Bug River in the basin of which are found such big towns as Lvov
, Chervonograd, Sokal as well as Dobrotvir electric power station and Chervonograd coal field mines. All this threatens with potential technogeneous contamination of the boundary river. The map fragment in Fig.4 shows the Bug river basin...

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Zamość (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)



Fortifications

Bastion No. 4
   Today a former bastion constitutes an attraction of the Town Park. Its flanks descend steeply to the moat (now a park pond). When you climb up the steep stairs to the top, you get a view of the park on side and of the plateau and that of an earth entrenchment on the other. At the beginning of the 20th century 3 such entrenchments were built. Two entrenchments, situated next to Bastions No. 6 and 7, were replaced with masonry edifices. The entrenchment next to Bastion No. 4 is the only one which has been preserved in its original shape till the present day. The postern in the middle of the entrenchment joined Bastion No. 4 to the interior of the fortress. The park island, whose banks are parallel to bastion faces, is the former counterguard.

The most important places in Zamość
The Rynek
    It is the heart of the town, its main meeting place and one of the most magnificent 16 th century squares in Europe. Its shape is that of a square, whose side is 100 m long. Two main axes of the town cross in the Rynek: the representative axis (Grodzka Street), which joins Zamoyski palace to Bastion No. 7 and the trade axis (Ratuszowa and Moranda Streets) which joins the three markets, i.e. the Wodny, the Solny markets and the Rynek.
   The Rynek is surrounded with tenement houses with arcades. In the past, the houses were owned by patricians: rich merchants, professors of the academy and courtiers. Originally, all the tenement houses in the Rynek and many other important buildings were topped with parapets - decorative walls protecting their roofs. At present parapets can only be found on the Town Hall and the adjacent Armenian houses. In the arcades there are richly ornamented portals and stuccoes on the vaults.
   In front of the stairs of the Town Hall there is a piece of 17th century cobbled surface as well as a tablet devoted to Józef Piłsudski, which commemorates the fact that the Marshall attended the Mass celebrated in the Rynek on 17 October 1922.


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History of the residence... Rezydencja Ordynacji Zamoyskich w Kozłówce (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Palace end coach-house, park... Kozłówka...
    Erected around 1742 for the Bieliński family, after the design by Józef Fontana, the palace has been owned by the Zamoyski family since 1799. Redeveloped 1897-1914 by Konstanty Zamoyski, it has preserved its original Second-Empire-style dcor from the late 19th and early years of 20th century.



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Puławy end Sieniawa (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Rody Polskie... Czartoryski Dukes family...

Palace
and park in Puławy
    It was the count Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski who  erected the first baroque-styled Palace in Puławy. The Palace was built in 1676 only to be destroyed as early as 1706 during the northern war. The coutess Elżbieta Sieniawska, from the Lubomirski family started the reconstruction of the Palace in 1720 in the rococo style. It was her daughter Maria Zofia 1 vote Denhoff, from 1731 wife to Aleksander August Czartoryski, who completed the work.

Palace and park in Sieniawa

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Royal free city... n/Wisła... (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Kazimierz Dolny

    The history of Kazimierz Dolny reaches the beginnings of Poland. Jan Długosz writes about the  region around Kazimierz as being the property of the Benedictine monastery on Łysa Góra already in the 11th century. He also claims with no doubts that around 1170 Casmir the Just presented a number of villages together with Wietrzna Góra to Norbertine Sisters from Krakow’s district, Zwierzyniec. In gratitude for that gift the sisters changed the name Wietrzna Góra into Kazimierz (Casmir)...
The ruins of the castle
   As Jan Długosz writes, the Kazimierz castle was raised in the 40s of the 14th century on the initiative of the king Casmir the  Great. It was situated on a hill not far from the already existing lonely tower built probably during the reign of Vladislaus the Elbow-High. Both buildings were to serve above all the protection of the town and the nearby passage across the Vistula against the attacks of the Tatars’ hordes, but they also had inside a customs chamber and a control centre for the ships moving on the river...
Zhukiewicz Bohdan
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz
photos Mieczysław Kowal, Antoni Hadała (bo, zakapior)


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Castle... n/Wisła... (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

The ruins of Janowiec castle

    At the beginning of the 16th century Mikołaj Firlej, Lewart coat of arms, the starost of Kazimierz, and later the castellan of Cracow and the grand crown hetman in the land of the former village Syrokomla started to build a marvelous bastile building in a Late Renaissance style. The residence’s grandeur  was to surpass the castle in Kazimierz situated on the other side of the Vistula. The works started in 1507 and lasted around 20 years. In 1537, Sigismund the Old granted city rights to the previously mentioned settlement. In an appropriate document there was a mention that the king allows Piotr Firlej to locate Janowiec near the fortress […] (built at a great expense). This leads us to a rational conclusion that Mikołaj Firlej initiated the building activities, but it was his son - the Ruthenian voivode Piotr - who was the main founder.  Sigismund the Old and Queen Bona stayed in the castle during the ceremony of the town’s location...
Zhukiewicz Bohdan
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz


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Uzdrowisko and palace... (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Horyniec Zdrój

   The park was created in the 30s of the 20th century on the initiative of Stanislaw Karłowski, then the owner of Horyniec values. Tuja avenue in  the park is one of the favorite places for strolls. In 1962 on the initiative of the Head Office of Agricultural Cooperatives the small nature treatment institution called "Łazienki" ("the bathes") was built at the end of the avenue. The health resort visitors from "Rolnik" (present Farmers Rehabilitation Center ASIF), "Metalowiec" (currently "Bajka") came here  every day to have treatment. In 1973 this establishment was taken over by State Enterprise "Polish Spa". And "The bathes" functioned until modern treatment rooms were organized in health resorts. On the park premises and its adjacent territory there are several springs of mineral water. The water from them is characterized by unpleasant smell as it contain the great amount of sculpture compounds.

- Poniński dukes in Horyniec Zdrój
- Łoś family in Narol (the Counts)

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Fauna (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Lasy Janowskie Natura 2000 sites.
- is a vast forest area situated in the western part of Biłgoraj Plain. The large, sandy territory, diversified with dunes, peat-bogs, numerous streams and fish ponds, are covered with pine woods of various humidity level. Smaller areas are occupied by precious fir and oak-hornbeam woods. Northern flora is abundant here (Cares chordorriza, Marsh Labrador tea, Bog-rosemary, Downy willow, Whortleberry willow). Montana species include: wild garlic, Alliums victorialis, Cardamine glandulosa, Lathyrus leavigatus and Deer fern. Other rare plants: Northern Running-pine, Diphasiastrum tristachyum, Eastern Pasqueflower, Viola uliginosa, Senecio crispatus, Brown Beak Sedge.



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Rody Polskie... Kurozwęcki end Popiel family... (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Kurozweki palace
The history of the castle,
 - once a small town on the banks of the Czarna River valley, appeared in written sources for the first time in 1246 as a  village belonging to the Province of Krakow. More or less at the same time a certain “Castellan Mistigneuus filius Martini de Kurozwansch” (descending from the Porait Family, “Rose” coat of arms) is mentioned in a document prepared for the Prince of Sandomierz and Kraków Boleslaw the Chaste. It was a semi-legendary family, derived by Dlugosz from Bohemia and associated with the legend of Saint Adalbert of Prague.
    Gradually, in return for their faithful service to the King Władysław I the Elbow-high, the Porait-Kurozwęcki Family were getting access to the high offices of the  Kingdom and they reached their finest hour in the last years of reign of King Casimir III the Great and Louis I of Hungary. At that time, Dobiesław became (in 1380) the Castellan of Krakow, and his younger son Zawisza, the Chancellor and Bishop of Krakow, became the head of the Hungarian three-person government of Buda (of which Dobiesław was also a member). Zawisza, a lavish lifestyle-loving bishop, was also known for his benevolent activity; he endowed the Mary's Chapel at the Wawel Cathedral.


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Rody Polskie... Ossoliński family... (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Ujazd, the ruins of Krzyżtopór castle

    Krzyżtopór Castle was raised in 1626-1644 at Krzysztof Ossoliński’s command. It is an example of an Early Baroque fortress, rather representative than defensive one. The name “Krzyżtopór” is derived from a cross (the sign of the counter- reformation) and an axe (Polish: topór, the emblem of the castle’s founder) forged above the main entrance to the castle. The building itself is huge. It was divided into: four bastions, which represent the four seasons; inside there are 12 halls symbolizing 12 months; 52 rooms, i.e. 52 weeks of the year; and, according to the records, formerly there were also 356 windows representing the number of days in the year. Supposedly, one of the rooms had a glass ceiling above which there was an enormous aquarium with goldfishes, and the castle was surrounded by broad gardens...
Zhukiewicz Bohdan
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz


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Tarnów - aristocratic family Tarnowscy end prince Sanguszko (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

    Charming Galician atmosphere attracts tourists from all over the world who return again and again in order to re-experience this center of Polish culture. A unique mixture of Gothic and Renaissance buildings and battlements, in addition to a Medieval street  layout give the Old Town its own distinct flavor. Complimenting the scenic aesthetics is the jovial spirit of its inhabitants, unique to the southern cities of Poland.
   Today, while walking the streets of Tarnów, you can recognize the remnants of centuries passed like separate stones in a colorful mosaic. In the peaceful quiet of the ancient city, you can hear the lingering voices of heroes come and gone like: the wise Spicymir Leliwita, who founded Tarnów in 1330, the great commander and politician Hetman Jan Tarnowski, the relentless and widely respected freedom fighter general Joseph Bem, and the intelligent historian Józef Szujski. Also, one might stumble upon the legacies of: Jakub Szela, the cursed leader of the Peasant Riot of 1846; Jan Szczepanik, inspired inventor; Wincety Witos, charismatic politician and leader of the peasants movement; Henryk Sucharski, just mayor of the Polish Army and Roman Brandstaetter, soulful writer.

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Rody Polskie... Kmita end Lubomirski family... (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

The castle in Wiśnicz

    Nowy Wiśnicz, situated on an afforested hill, is another place in Lesser Poland which necessarily ought to be visited.
   The castle belonging to the families: Kmitowie and Lubomirscy  undoubtedly attract tourists’ attention. It is one of the most precious works of the Early Baroque residentiary and defensive architecture in Poland. The history of the castle begins in the second half of the 14th century, when Jan Kmita of the Szreniawa coat of arms built a small castle with one tower surrounded by a palisade and a dirt wall. Next owners enlarged the building adding other towers and fortifications...
   Peter III Kmita and Peter V played an important role in a transformation of the castle into a powerful fortress. It was during the times of Peter V, the voivode of Cracow and the Grand Marshall of the Crown, when the biggest development of the castle took place...
Zhukiewicz Bohdan
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz


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Baranów Sandomierski the castle and the park... (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Museum in Baranów Sandomierski

The history of the generations;
Baranowski, Kurozwędzki, Leszczyński, Wiśniowiecki, Lubomirski, Sanguszko, Małachowski, Potocki, Krasicki, Dolański.

visit: http://eu.pogranicze.eu/index.php?categoryid=25
http://eu.pogranicze.eu/index.php?categoryid=25&p2_articleid=158

   The castle in Baranów Sandomierski - a real pearl of renascence - is one of few so excellently preserved magnate residences in Poland. Built by Andrzej and Rafał Leszczyński at the turn of XVI and XVII century according to the architectural project  by Santii Gucci. Interior decoration were done by Falconi, and Tylman from Gameren created the gallery, which was added onto the castle elevation on the west side. Also, he is believed to be the author of the bastion defenses system. The Baranów castle is a three level structure constructed on a rectangular plan. Its corners are adorned by four towers topped with characteristic helmets. The middle of the front elevation presents a tower with the main front gateway, which leads through a stone entrance to an enchanting arcade courtyard. The columns of the ground level gallery are supported by ornamental macaroons, the vaults and walls are covered by wonderful polychromes.
   This world - class historic monument is currently the property of the Industrial Development Agency in Warsaw.

   An advantageous communicative location next to the ford across the Vistula decided about the origin and development of Baranów.
   The first mentions come from 1135, from the times of Bolesław the Wrymouth. The name Baranów is certainly derived from a rams breeding which from time immemorial was run by the inhabitants of the settlement. At the beginning, a small castle-town was situated there. In the middle Ages a fortified settlement was built…


photo Albin Marciniak, Bohdan Zhukiewicz, Jan, (zakapior)

   In 1578, the transition of the Baranów estate to the wealthy Leszczyński family, Wieniawa coat of arms, is the beginning of the Renaissance history of the castle in Baranów. The architectural shape of the castle was preserved till our times despite the numerous destructions and fires and constitutes one of the most precious monuments of the secular buildings from the times of Renaissance in Poland. The castle, in the shape in which it survived till today, is an impressive proof of a fine taste and esthetic culture of the Leszczyńscy family, who built it…
Worked out by Zakapior

translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz


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Subcarpathian Region - What is our strong point. (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

   Magurski National Park is known as picturesque and wild place, also the Foothill of Przemysl is considered to be an  enormous but neglected show place (especially Castle, built by Casimir III the Great in the 14th century). It is worth mentioning, that  so called “military tourism” is becoming more and more popular among tourists. People are able to travel across Europe and visit only those places which are strictly connected with the fortification. Our voivodship  has a big chance to become a well-known tourist destination when it comes to the sacral wooden architecture. Here, the oldest wooden churches are located (Haczów and Humnicka), and also here the most precious (in Blizne, Osiek and Trzcinica) and with original medieval shape churches (as in Golcowa and Domaradz) are easy to be found.  When it comes to the Orthodox architecture the oldest  Orthodox church is located in Ulucz. Moreover, in Dobra Szlachecka there is a bell tower with a “chapel” inside, and finally one of the greatest Orthodox churches is in Radróż. Of course, there is a significant number of the wooden churches, here in Sub Carpathian region. Mainly, because of this fact a special tourist route was marked up. The route is focused on the examples of the wooden architecture and it is very useful for foreign and Polish tourists.
Zakapior
translated by JB
photo (bo, zakapior)

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Krasiczyn (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Castle museum in Krasiczyn

The history of the families:
the Śliwiński, the Krasicki, the Modrzewski, the Wojakowski, the Tarło, the Potocki, the Piniński, the Sapieha ... family.

visit: http://eu.pogranicze.eu/index.php?categoryid=25
http://eu.pogranicze.eu/index.php?categoryid=25&p2_articleid=158


   Krasiczyn is a small town village situated not far from Przemyśl in the Podkarpacie region. In the 15th century, the  place was called Śliwnica and belonged to count Śliwiński, who won it in cards from the bishop Morągiewicz…
In 1525, when in the Krakow market place the Prussian Homage was paid by Albert of Hohenzollern to Sigismund the Old of the Jagiellon dynasty, Jakub from Siecin became the owner of the village. He gradually started to change a fortified manor which was built there into a castle...

The castle
The construction was started by Stanisław Krasicki, and was finished in 1631 by his younger son Marcin…

The park
The place is called a linden and oak miracle…
   The castle is surrounded by a beautiful, broad, romantic park with ponds and with many exotic species of trees and shrubs, which were brought by the Sapieha family from their numerous travels, and with monumental oaks and lindens (the Sapieha family introduced a custom of planting an oak tree when a son was born and a linden when a girl was born)…

photo (zakapior)
Worked out by Zakapior
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz

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Przemyśl or Casimir Castle (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)



The history of Przemyśl


   The oldest borough on the eastern fringe of the Republic of Poland, with a picturesque location on the point of contact of two geographical regions: the Środkowo-Beskidzkie Foothills and the Sandomierska Lowlands, in the valley of the San river.
   The town has been the capital of an independent duchy, of a land, starosty, county, district, voivodeship, and recently, of a district again. It is also a double metropolis: of the Roman Catholic and of the Unite (Greek-Catholic) Churches.
Worked out by Bohus Zhukiewicz


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Royal free city Przemyśl (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)



The Old Town Square

    The urbanites structure of Przemyśl Old Town quarter came into existence according to the Teutonic law in the 2nd half of the 14th-c. The Square, exceptional due to the sloping terrain, was designed as a quadrangle-like place with the sides of about 80 m.
   Till now three rows of buildings at the square have survived; the west one was demolished at the turn of the 18th-c.
   The preserved buildings have a characteristic three-rowed inner structure dating back to the 15th and 16th-c. and modernized in the next centuries. The buildings got their present shape and look at the turn of the 19th-c.
Worked out by Bohus Zhukiewicz


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The Przemyśl Fortress (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)



   Fortress was built in 19th c. by Austrian authorities due to the strategic location of the town. It is the third biggest fortress in the world after
Verdun and Antwerp
. Today it comprises 15 main and several dozen smaller forts around Przemyśl, whose total length amounts to 45 km, as well as  some other smaller military facilities in the town. Most of the forts are open to the public. A special, black tourist trail was marked for those who want to visit it on foot or by bike. Nearly every fort also has easy car access.
The Lower Sanok Gate – Society of Good Soldier
Kazimierz Błonar
translated by JB
photo Kazimierz BŁonar (zakapior)

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Visit Arboretum (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

The Bolestraszyce Arboretum

- (lat. Arbor-tree) is situated 7 km
north-east from Przemyśl  and it belongs to the gems of natural and cultural heritage of the Małopolska region. The Arboretum boasts over 3800 species, varieties and forms of plants. The collection consists of unique native plants, foreign plants and historic plants. It’s worth visiting a great collection of wicker sculptures coming from the annual plein-air international art workshops “Wiklina in Arboretum”.
Zakapior
translated by JB
photo (zakapior)


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Rzeszów - a historic city (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)



    The colonization of today’s Rzeszów dates back to the Neolithic period. In the medieval times, a stronghold existed in the region of today’s Old Town (associated with the Sandomierz Land). In the 11th - 13th century, between the Wisłok River and the Przywra River, there developed a large trade and craft settlement. In the 13th century, the Ruthenia's took over the settlement, ousting the previous inhabitants further to the west, towards Kraków. Rzeszów, and the whole Kingdom of Galicia-Volhynia, was re-incorporated into the Polish state after 1340.
Translator: Asia Sierańska

*
The underground tourist route
 * Old Town Synagogue and New Town Synagogue
* Convent of the Piarist Fathers
* The church of Observant Franciscans
* Rzeszów District Museum
* The Parochial Fara Church
* Secession Villas
* The Lubomirski Castle
* Summer Palace
of the Lubomirski’s
Opracowali; Mieczysław Kowal, Zakapior
translated by JB
photo Aleksander Hadała, Józef Gajda, Edward Janusz, Mieczysław Kowal, (bo, zakapior)



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Julin (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Palace of the Julin
... the entailed estate, the hunting palace of the Potocki family’s estate in Julin...
    The larch palace was built in 1880 on the occasion of the arrival of the Austrian archduke Rudolf. When the castle belonged to the Potocki family, many dignified guests from all over the world visited it. A kitchen, a pavilion, “a dyrektorówka”, a cellar – a cold room remained from that period. Also the architecture of the hunting palace in a Swiss style is preserved.
… it was raised by the second heir of Łańcut, Alfred Potocki. The construction of the complex was finished in 1880. In 1927, the palace was enlarged. The complex includes: a hunting palace, servants’ quarters…

Worked out by Zakapior
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz
photo (bo, zakapior)


photo (bo)

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Łańcut (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Castle museum in Łańcut

History of the families:
Pilecki, Stadnicki, Lubomirski, Potocki.

    Castle complex of Łańcut, together with the town’s architecture, make up for one of the most precious monuments of  this kind in Poland. Former seat of the aristocratic families of Lubomirski and Potocki was constructed in 1628-1641. presently the castle, surrounded by a beautiful park, houses a museum of historic interiors with vast collection of sculptures, historical work of art and books. The castle complex also includes a little romantic castle and a Coach House including a unique collection of coaches and a rich iconostasis.
* an orangey
* a park
* a couch house
* an orchid house


The town Łańcut
…confirming the existence of Łańcut is a papal bull of Pope Gregory XI from 28th January 1378

Worked out by Zakapior
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz
photo (bo, zakapior)

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Łańcut the museum (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)



Zakapior
   The Museum is housed in a Neo-classical manor house designed by Ludwig Bogochwalski. Since 1970 the building is managed by the Polmos Distillery.
   The minor house from 1833, the old seat of the chief administrator of the Łańcut Estate, later the offices of the board of directors of the sugar plant, became a residential building in 1925.. After the World War II, the workshops of the Agricultural Mechanic's High School were located here. The building was considerably damaged by improper use during this period.


photo Krysia, Jan, Bohdan

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Łancut Legends (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Julia Potocka - the patron of lovelorn
   Sometimes, in the middle of the night some quite sobbing can be heard. People are of the opinion that this is a ghost of Julia Lubomorska, which saunters in the castle’s chambers...

The Sky-blue Lady
   Isabella was famous for her sky-blued crinoline gowns. The old habitants of Łańcut say that sometimes some strange figure is seen in the castle...

The Devil of Łańcut
   Sometimes, when the thunderstorm suddenly breaks in the middle of the night and when the blustery wind howls through the empty streets people who live near the castle in Łańcut claim that they are hearing some strange and terrifying noises...
translated by JB

Princess Elżbieta Izabela Lubomirska vel Czartoryska


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History sign Kamieniecki end Fredro... (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Castle Kamieniec in Odrzykoń

   First noted in 1348, the castle is the Royal property until  1396 when it is bestowed to Klemens of Moskorzew as a reward for his brave defense of the Vilnius Castle. After the hill of Kamieniec, on which the castle is located, the new owners take the Kamieniecki name, whereas one of its descendants, Mikołaj Kamieniecki (1460 - 1515), is nominated the first Royal Marshal.
Bohdan Zhukiewicz (photo zakapior)
translated by Justyna Rymarowicz


photo (zakapior)

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Royal free city Krosno (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Marketplace
     The beginnings of this treading place go back to the times before the official location of the town in the mid-14th century, when the marketplace was officially marked. The archaeological excavations of 1999-2000 revealed precious elements of the old city infrastructure water - pipes, merchants stalls, wells and sewage pipes and above all, remnants of two buildings: the Mayors house from mid-14th century (in the western part of the marketplace) and a Renaissance town hall from the beginnings of the 16th century, demolished in 1818 (in the eastern part of the marketplace). The preserved elements of town architecture, surrounding the marketplace, go back to the 15th century. Along the northern and southern sides of the marketplace are arcades, mainly from the 16th and 17th century. Originally the western and eastern sides had similar arcades.
Bohdan Zhukiewicz (photo zakapior)
translated by Justyna Rymarowicz


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Iwonicz Zdrój – one of Poland's oldest health resorts. (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

   Iwonicz Zdroj is one of Poland’s oldest health resorts and spas, dating back to 1578, which was famous outside Poland already in the 18th century. The spa was established by Karol Załuski in 1837. The town is surrounded on  all sides by high mixed forest. It lies at 400 metres above sea level. This unusual location among hills of Beskid Niski, in the valley of Iwonicki Potok (Iwonicz Stream), undeniably rates Iwonicz highly among those places, which charm guests with their beauty and still immaculately clean air. Iwonicz’s center is historic with a number of very precious wooden buildings which are dated back to 19th and the beginning of 20th century. The greatest wealth of Iwonicz land are mineral waters and moor mud, which are natural curing agents. These are chloride-bicarbonate-sodium, fluoride, iodide, boric and bromide waters.
Krzysztof Guzik
translated by JB
photo (bo, zakapior)


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Rymanów Zdrój – a complex of the spa architecture. (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

   A spa in Rymanów Zdroj was established in 1876, when the sources of mineral water was discovered. In 1881, the spa was officially opened. From that moment the spa expanded rapidly. A children's sanatorium was built in 1885, and  a spa pavilion in 1885. The resort became popular with the rising middle class of Lwów, the capital of the Galicia province in Austrian occupied Poland. Many private, ornate villas were constructed. World War II the spa was almost totally destroyed. After the war, it was rebuilt as a children's sanatorium. In 1965 a new sanatorium was built for adults with 120 beds. In 1980 a plant was built for the bottling of the water and soft drinks. In 1986, on the 120th anniversary of the original founding, the spa was set up a separate community Rymanów Zdrój within area of 1525 ha. (4060 acres). Once more it became a resort.
Zakapior
translated by JB
photo (bo, zakapior)

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Maria Konopnicka’s manor in Żarnowiec (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Maria Konopnicka
   (May 23, 1842, Suwałaki - October 8, 1910 Lviv) a Polish poet, novelist, translator and essayist. She sometimes used pen name
, often "Jan Sawa". She was one of the most recognizable poet of  polish Positivist Period in polish literature. Her writings touched on many questions that beset society in her time, and thus influenced the next generation of Polish poets and novelists. She lived during Annexation Period in Poland. During those times, the greatest honor which the artist could get was so called "National Gift” given by local authorities. In 1902 when the poet celebrated the Jubilee of  25 years of her writing she was given a house. Unfortunately, Konopnicka hasn’t got her own house however  she was dreaming about it...
Zakapior
translated by JB
photo (bo, zakapior)


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Leżajsk (Tourism from Roztocze, Małopolska, Podkarpacie...)

Basilica of  St. Bernardino of Siena
    The shrine in Leżajsk was established thanks to Marian revelation. It is said that Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to Tomasz Michałek and pointed where the church should be built. Michałek decided to build a  small wayside shrine, where he put the Cross. Unfortunately, the shrine got burned, however the Cross survived the fire. Nowadys it can be seen in the chancel. In 1592, local community decided to re-build the shrine and in 1594 the new wooden church was founded. In 1608 the Order of St. Bernardino came to Leżajsk. The order is responsible for the building of new brick church. Thanks to Łukasz Opaliński’s help the church was enlarged (1618-1628)...

Organ
   The organ in Leżajsk are one of the most valuable relics of art in Europe as far as instrument construction and decoration goes. Stanislaw Studziński from Przeworsk started their constriction and Jan Głowiński from Krakow continued the work, finishing it in 1693. The mechanism of the organ consists of 74 stops and 5894 organ-pipes. The housing of the organ is a masterpiece of woodcarving art. It was the work of the Bernadine fathers in the years: 1680-1729, however, their names were not passed on to future generations. Thanks to them the artistic merit was linked with wonderful architectural structure.

    The Leżajsk organ is not a single instrument; it consists in fact of three separate instruments. In the aisles there are smaller instruments, and the biggest one is in the nave. The organ has mechanical controls and 75 voices altogether. Moreover, it is equipped with additional effects such as: cuckoo, drum (tympan), birds, horrible. The organ has full 32 voice, which means that the longest pipe is over 10 meters long. The four cases of the main organ connected with the choir decoration fill the west wall of the basilica reaching the vault. The main organ is 15m high and 7,5m wide and it has an inseparable connection with the instruments in the aisles. This is why three organists can pay simultaneously and this feature makes the instrument unique.
   The most outstanding organists from Europe and from all over the world have been playing this famous instrument. From the 60-ties of 20th century the concerts of these masters have been included in the Organ Music Festival in Łańcut. The first festival in Leżajsk took place in 1992 as a part of II Organ Concerts - Stalowa Wola. The second festival in 1993 was similar as far as the organization was concerned. The third edition of the festival was held as a part of VII International Festival of Organ and Chamber Music Radom-Orońsko 1994. Since 1997 the festival has been an independent event listed in the calendar of the most important artistic events in the country. Every year the organizers of the festival prepare its programmer taking care of its high artistic standards. The concerts are held every Monday evening in July and August. The organ together with the Basilica and the Monastery have been put on the list of the National Historical Monuments by the Polish President.
Zakapior
translated by JB

photo (Paweł Rut, zakapior)
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