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Latest Articles
Holy Dormition Pochayiv Lavra (Tourism from Ukrainian)

Kliknij i posłuchaj...

Ławra Poczajowska

   On top of Pochayiv hill there stands the Holy Dormition Lavra - a stronghold of the Christian faith, an abode of piety and asceticism, a religious center of the Orthodoxy of Western Rus.

    This ancient monastery is under special protection of the Theotokos. The Most Pure One appeared here to the monks in a pillar of fire and left Her Footprint in the rock upon which She stood. The Pochayiv wonder-working Icon of the Mother of God made this land world-famous. Great Orthodox hermits - the Venerable Job of Pochayiv and a miracle-worker of Volyn - the Venerable Amphilochius carried on their spiritual struggle in this cloister.


Khrehiv (Tourism from Ukrainian)

Bohdan Zhukiewicz
   This small village is located in 12 km Zhovkva. You should examine a wooden church (built in 1724) with an interesting iconostasis, and a wooden bell tower near it which saved the lines of defensive architecture.
   In 2 km to the south-east from the village there is the Basylian Monastery first founded in 1618 near a mountain with a cave and later moved to its present location. There is the Mykolaiv church (1721-1737) and monastic cells (1755-1902), and also a defensive bell tower. After extensive works of renovation the monastery now shines again and radiates its splendor.
photo Vasyl, Zakapior


Castles in the Roztochia... (Tourism from Ukrainian)

Zhovkva (Żółkiew) 
 - is a town full of monuments, Situated in the Roztochia - 34 km from Lvov.  Founded in 1597 by Stanisław Żółkiewski, the Field Crown Hetman. It was the private town. It was granted city rights in 1603. Next, by heirdom, it became the property of his grandson, King John III Sobieski, it also belonged respectively to the Daniłowicz family and to the Radziwiłł family...
   Zhovkva was a favorite residence of John III Sobieski. The king strengthened the town with modern fortifications, he was also decorating it in a Baroque style, he brought there his numerous war trophies...

John III Sobieski King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania
 - is a town situated around 70 km from
Lvov (not far from  Pidhirsti and Zolochiv), famous mainly for a castle, a church and a monastery of the Capuchins and a former Holy Trinity Catholic church. For the first time, Olesko appeared in the written sources from 1372. The castle, situated on a hill overlooking the neighboring plain, was built in the 14th century by Galician Volhynian dukes and was many times destroyed by the Tatars. In 1432, the castle was conquered by Jagiełło, who gave it to Jan of Sienno. After the Sienieński family, the Herbut family, later the Kamieniecki family, and at last the Daniłowicz families were the next owners of the castle...

Zolochiv (Złoczów)
- situated to the East from Lvov on a Road to Ternopil, relatively not far from Pidhirtsi and Olesko. During  the times of Sigismund the Old, Wladysław Sieniński, whose town was granted the Magdeburg Rights in 1523, was the owner of the castle. The Górka family of Greater Poland was the next owners of the castle, and since 1592, Marek Sobieski - the grandfather of King John III Sobieski - owned the castle...

Pidhirtsi (Podhorce) 
Podhoreckich, Koniecpolskich, Rzewuskich, Sanguszków...

    One of the most precious palaces and garden complexes in  the Kresy, in the type of villa castello. The composition is based on numerous connections between the view and the surroundings. The palace is situated in a way which enables one to see from the representative rooms and from the garden terraces the boundless plains of the Volhynia Region, and the palace itself is visible from the Volhynia Region for many kilometers...
   Władysław of Varna bestowed the goods of Pidhirtsi and Zahirtsi to Janusz Podhorecki...

The castle was built in 1630-1635 by Grand Hetman  Stanisław Koniecpolski. A two-storey residential building in the form of a palace with a big courtyard decorated with arcades, casemates and a tower was built on a pentagon. The whole was surrounded by walls and defensive shafts with ramparts and a moat. An entrance led through a bridge above the moat and through a gate.
Worked out by Bohdan Zhukiewicz
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz
Photos Aleksander Mishuk, Mieczysław Kowal, Janusz Kurasz, Jurek Jaremczuk, (zakapior)


UNESCO from UA - wooden tserkvas of the Galicia and Lodomeria region... (Tourism from Ukrainian)

Lvov region (Oblast)...

* Zhovkva - 1720,_Zhovkva
   We cross to the other side of the border; the next eight tservas are located in Ukraine.

    Wooden Holy Trinity Church was built in suburb of Zhovkva, on the place of a church that burned down in 1717. The structure consists of three wooden naves and a brick sacristy.
   There is an iconostasis consisting of about 50 icons painted by the masters of Zhovkva Painting and Carving School of Ivan Rutkovych in the beginning of 18th century. The iconostasis is made from linden wood carved by Ignatiy Stobenskyj. In 1978-79 iconostasis was restored.

Bohdan Zhukiewicz
     These tserkvas were built between the 16th and 19th centuries to serve the Eastern Orthodox and Greek Catholic faiths, and were made from the timber of the great forests which covered most lands in Europe at that time. The location of most of them in remote rural villages in the Carpathian Region, between Poland and Ukraine, helped them to survive centuries of plundering and fire.
photo; Andrzej Siwek, Aleksander, Juri, Bohdan, Zakapior

* Potelych the descent of the Holy Spirit Church - 1502
Matkiv the curious St. Dmytro's Church - 1838

Drohobych - 17th,_Drohobych
   St. George's Church. Built in the second half, it looks like a medieval ship on dry land,
 - is one of the oldest and best preserved timber churches of Galicia. The church, dating from ca. 1500, consists of three parts. The central block is square in plan and comprises the nave. Two other blocks contain the double apse and the narthex. Between 1678 and 1711, the church was renovated: the interior was frescoed, the octagonal structures built up, and a new belfry appeared.


Drohobych (early 16th century)... (Tourism from Ukrainian)

   Wooden Church of Exaltation of Holy Cross first mentioned in documents in 1496. During Tatar attack on Drohobych in 1499 the church was burned down. Next in 1613 was built a new wooden church - dated according to the inscription in the nave. Originally it was trident and one-story church.
Bohdan Zhukiewicz


Romantic trip to castle (Tourism from Ukrainian)

Picturesque Svirzh

Świrscy herbu Szaława
 - is a located on the south of Lvov region on the way to Peremyshliany. Earlier Svirzh was a city and now it is only a big village surrounded by the river of the same name. The region is very lovely like Carpathian mountains in miniature, along the outskirts steep rocks of strange view can be  observed. The castle was built by the Svirz princes in XV century and at the second half of XVII century it was rebuilt by Halych chaste lain Oleksandr Centner. Square castle has 2 yards: a big one for residence and a small one for farmstead. Both yards are connected with stairs. The south  wing of the top yard ends with the square three-stepped towers. There is an entry tower on its axis to which the wooden bridge that is hang upon the Graff leads. The peculiarity of white stones and ornaments makes the castle one of the most interesting findings of defense architecture. If you are looking for a romantic, quite place, the castle is a very good option - you should definitely come here.
Bohdan Zhukiewicz


UNESCO from UA - wooden tserkvas of the Ivano-Frankivsk... (Tourism from Ukrainian)

Stanislavshchyna - (dawniej Stanisławów) region (Oblast)...

* Rohatyn - beginning of the 16th century
   An old image from the Descent of the Holy Spirit Church.
Bohdan Zhukiewicz

* Nyzhniy Verbizh - 1808

photo; Aleksander, Bohdan, Zakapior


Castles in the region... (Tourism from Ukrainian)

Vyshnivets (Wiśniowiec)
Princes Wiśniowieckich
    Formerly a town, it is situated on the border of the Volhynia Region and the Podolia Region, by the Horyn River, about 25 km to the East from Załoźce...
    The first mentions about the settlement come from 1395, but under the name Vyshnivets the place was mentioned for the first time in the half of the 15th century. The town is known mainly from the battle which took place there on
28 April 1512, when under Vyshnivets the army of Rzeczpospolita conquered the Tatars’ army...
The grandson of the Grand Duke of Lithuania, Gediminas, Dymitr Korybut founded castles in Vyshnivets and in Zbarazh. When the first castle was built, he started to use the name Wiśniowiecki...
The famous duke Jerema Michał (1612-1651), the voivode of
Ruthenia, founded a church and a monastery of Carmelites (1645) in the town and fortified the castle which has already existed there..

barazh (Zbaraż)

Siedziba princes (książąt) Zbarskich and Wiśniowieckich
 - in the 13th century, at the top of the Old Zbarazh Mountain, a wooden fortified castle, which was destroyed during the Tatars invasion in 1589, was built…

    The second castle was raised by Zbarazh dukes - brothers Jerzy and Krzysztof. A design of the castle was prepared by the Italian architect Vincenzo Scamozzi in 1612, and construction works began in 1620. In 1627, after the death of Krzysztof and later, after the death of his brother Jerzy, the castle went into the hands of the Wiśniowiecki family (they came from the same Korybutowicz lineage as the Zbaraski family). New owners strengthened the castle’s defensive system, and enlarged a residential part - the palace…
   For Poles, a visit in the town is always an opportunity for emotion or, at least, it is an adventure with a thrill…
… We are recalling With Fire and Sword…

Buchach (Buczacz) 

    The castle was built in the 14th century by the  Buczacki family. Formerly, it was a wooden building, later - a brick one. Built on a triangle base it had an entrance through a gate tower and leading through a courtyard to a residential building...
   The Buczacki family settled in Yazlovetz, they adopted the name Jazłowiecki. Due to their efforts, the town and the castle enlarged...

Yazlovetz (Jazłowiec)
    A castle, and later unfortunately ruins of the castle, which survived till the outbreak of World War II, was built in the first half of the 16th century by Jerzy Jazłowiecki (1575), the Grand Crown Hetman, and beautified and strengthened by his son Mikołaj, the starost of Sniatyn...

Terebovl  (Trembowla)
    Thanks to Henryk Sienkiewicz every Pole knows what the
fortress in Kamianets Podilskyi was in the old Poland and what the history of the fortress is. It is a completely different story with respect to the castle in Terebovl, which was considered to be the next after Kamianets and served an important function in a defensive system of the Galicia land...
Aleksander Mishuk
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz
Photos Aleksander Mishuk, Mieczysław Kowal, Janusz Kurasz, Jurek Jaremczuk, (zakapior)


UNESCO from UA - wooden tserkvas of the Zakarpattya... (Tourism from Ukrainian)

Zakarpattia region (Oblast)...

The Church of Ascension of Our Lord, with its bell tower at the left.
* Yasynia - 1824
Wooden Tserkvas of the Carpathian Region.
This originally Greek Catholic wooden church,
- and the Chorna Tysa river among the Carpathian mountains of Ukraine. The church is considered to be one of the finest examples of the Hutsul architectural style and few modern alterations have been made to the building, two factors which contributed to its selection as a UNESCO world heritage site in 2013. According to a Hutsul legend the church was built on the site where a flock of sheep miraculously survived through the winter unharmed after being left behind by a shepherd in a snowstorm.
Bohdan Zhukiewicz

* Uzhok - 1745

photo; Aleksander, Juri, Bohdan, Zakapior


Palanok from Zakarpattya (Tourism from Ukrainian)


Bohdan Zhukiewicz

Palanka - Palanok - Zamok Palanok - Munkács vára

Helena Zrinska - Jelena Zrinska - Ilona Zrínyi

    The paper describes the Palanok castle in the Zakarpattya in Western Ukraine. This is one of the most popular tourist sites in Ukraine,  famous not only of turbulent history and military architecture, but also interesting geology and incomparable scenic views. The recent castle was built in the XIVth century at the top of Sarmatia-Early Pannonian hornblende-pyroxene andesine plug, which rises 68 meters above the surrounding plain. The castle includes lower, central and upper parts with 130 rooms of total area about 14 000 m2. In 2008 over 100,000 visitors have arrived from Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland and Hungary, which generated over 50, 000 EUR profit. Recently, the castle is a site of regional museum, modern painting gallery and thematic exhibition "The wooden churches of Zakarpattya".
photo Taras


Zakarpattya Region (Tourism from Ukrainian)

Tserkvas the Carpathian Hutsul...

* The church was originally constructed in the village of Shelestovo.
This Greek Catholic wooden church was built and dedicated to Saint Michael in the Boyko style stands
in the Outdoor Museum of Folk Architecture in Uzhgorod - 1745,
   In 1927 the church was moved to Mukachevo, where it was later neglected during the early Soviet period. The church was transferred to the Uzhgorod museum in the 1970's to form the centrepiece of the museum's collection of Transcarpathian folk buildings.
    The church is an outstanding example of the Lemko style of architecture, with its three onion domes arranged with the highest above the narthex (entrance area) a middle dome above the nave and the lowest dome above the sanctuary. There are only a few remaining examples of the Lemko architectural style in Ukraine, since the style is more commonly seen further west in the Carpathians in what today are Slovakia and Poland. Three Lemko churches were moved to what today is the Czech Republic while Transcarpathia was part of Czechoslovakia between the World Wars. Two other Lemko churches which are still in Ukraine have been transferred to the Outdoor Museums in the capital Kiev and in Lviv. A further example of the style is in the town of Svalyava, where the large church of St. Nicholas can be seen.
Bohdan Zhukiewicz
Photo Zakapior


Castles of Volyn... (Tourism from Ukrainian)

Lutsk (Łuck)
Луцьк, Łućk - Luceoria
lready in the early Middle Ages in the place of the  present Lutsk there was a Slavic town of the Dulebs’ tribe also called the Luczans. The name of the town was supposed to be derived from them but, according to other hypothesis, it comes from a word bow (Polish łuk) or Luka (Polish) referring to a meander of a river and riverside meadows surrounding the town...
   In 1073 Lutsk started to belong to the Vladimir Kingdom. In 1083 Lithuanians and Yotvingians attacked the town...
   In 1321 Gediminas attacked Lutsk and placed there his starost...

Ostroh (Ostróg) Острог
Rody; Ostrogskih, Zasławskih, Wiśniowieckih, Sanguszków, Jabłonowskih, Dubieńskih
 - from the beginning of the 15th century a town and  a castle by the Wilia River were the capital of the sovereign dukes of Russ - the Ostrogski family, in the 16th century they were the centre of the powerful latifundium - one of the biggest in Rzeczpospolita. At the turn of the 16th and 17th century, Ostroh was the centre of the cultural life in Volyn...
Not much remained of the former “magnitude.”...

- located on a low headland, surrounded by rivers’ backwaters  on the Ikwa River (basin of the Pripyat River) made famous by Słowacki. Together with Ostroh, Kremenets and Pochaiv it constitutes the most attractive region of Volyn...
   In the 11th century, Dubno belonged to the Rurikovich family...
   It is one of the oldest and the most interesting towns of Volyn. The first mention comes from The Ipatov Chronicle. It informs that in 1099, by a decision of the dukes of Rus, the town on the Ikwa River was given to the duke David Igorovitch. During the great invasion of Mongols in 1240-41 it was probably destroyed...
   In the 13th century the town belonged to the Kingdom of Galicia-Vladimir, and since 1340 - to Latvia. From the half of the 14th century a strong Polish garrison was stationing there...

Kremenets (Krzemieniec)
A royal castle and town.
- Kremenets is located in the valley among the hills called the  Kremenets Mountains. Due to these hills, the region seems
to be typical rather for the neighboring Podolia. This picturesque region was formerly called the Volhynian Switzerland...
   The place administratively belongs to the Ternopil Oblast. Certainly, it is the only Volhynian town present in the awareness of each generation of Poles due to Juliusz Słowacki. It is one of the most frequently visited tourist spots in Volyn...
   Unfortunately, it also attracts thieves. That is why one should avoid picking up casual guides to the car, especially when driving up the Bona Mountain...

Bohdan Zhukiewicz
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz
photos Janusz Kurasz, Mieczysław Kowal, Antoni Hadała, Jurek Jaremczuk, Jurek Owczaruk, (zakapior)


Castles in the region of Kresy end Podolia... (Tourism from Ukrainian)

Kamienets Podilskyi (Kamieniec Podolski)

    "On rocky slopes, as if growing from them, there are powerful walls and towers of an old town, in which nature and architects’ talent created a unique view, where a church and a Turkish minaret, a town hall and an Orthodox church stand next to each other, where each stone preserves in itself the voices of history”…
… A chronicle attributes the creation of the stone fortress to the Lithuanian dukes Koriatowicz, who reigned in the duchy in 60s-90s of the 14th century…
   A high, rocky bank of the Smotrych River
, a picturesque landscape, powerful towers with mysterious Latin inscriptions...

Khotyn (Chocim)

    Situated on a crossing of trade routes, Khotyn has always attracted the invaders’ attention.
… in order to protect Khotyn from the invaders, a fortress which survived centuries and which saw under its walls the army of the Ottoman Empire, insurgents of Mucha, national avengers of Detyna, warriors of Dmytro Vyshnevetsky, and Petro Doroshenko was built…
… Khotyn attracts tourists from all over the world; it is one of the oldest towns in Kresy, which not long ago celebrated its 1000th anniversary. At the beginning of the 11th century, Prince Vladimir I of Kiev
created a system of border fortifications on the West and South of the new state, including Khotyn…
Aleksander Mishuk

Holy Trinity Trenches (Okopy Trójcy Świętej)

On a long, rocky promontory near the mouth of the Zbruch River to the Dniester River, on a South-East edge of Galicia, and on the westernmost extent point of Tarnopol Voivodeship in the period of the Second Rzeczpospolita, there are ruins of the fortress from the 17th century, which became famous due to the colorful descriptions in The Un-Divine Comedy by Zygmunt Krasiński. It was there, in a literary vision of Krasiński, on the Holy Trinity Trenches, that aristocrats defended themselves from revolutionists, and the place became a symbol of the Polish conservatism and traditionalism.
   Since 1672, Kamianets Podilskyi, the impregnable fortress, was in the Turkish hands. In the same year, King Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki signed a disgraceful treaty in Buchach, giving the region of Podolia to the Turks.
Worked out by Bohdan Zhukiewicz
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz
Photos Aleksander Mishuk, Mieczysław Kowal, Janusz Kurasz, Jurek Jaremczuk, (zakapior)


Castles in the Kresy... (Tourism from Ukrainian)

Bar castle
Bona Sfortia Dei gratia regina Poloniae
    The castle was built around 1380 by the Koriatowicz family. It was the Lithuanian ducal  family, which received this land from the Grand Duke of Lithuania - Algirdas. The conferment was approved anew by the Polish king Ladislaus Jagiello
 in 1386. At that time the locality was called Rov. The first castle was a wooden fortified building with two towers and a double brick-wall...
   After a death of the last person from the family (1430) the land was incorporated to the Crown and the castle was inhabited by a royal starost...

Międzybóż castle 
Меджибіж, dawniej Międzyboż, Międzybuże,
Mikołaj Sieniawski
herbu Leliwa, Hetman Wielki Koronny.
    A brick castle was built by the Koriatowicz family, who received the land from the Polish king Casimir the Great in 1366...
    The castle was built in the place of the former wooden borough burned by the Tatars in the 12th century. At that time, the castle was frequently attacked by the Tatars because it was situated between the routes of their assaults called Black Trail and Kuczman Trail.
Bohdan Zhukiewicz
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz
photo; Jurek Jaremczuk, Jurek Owczaruk, (zakapior)


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The new portal site became a fact! The website is going to promote regions of Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine, mainly the neighboring voivoidships, which possess a lot of cultural and regional similarities. Our site has not been fully developed yet, however we have the pleasure of presenting you already existing Polish, Ukrainian and English site. We are still working on Slovakian website.
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