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Articles
History of pharmacies...
By Lidia Maria Czyż, Maciej Bilek
Published: 10.09.2011

   Subcarpathian pharmaceutics was subjected to the legislation of its invader. Such acts of laws, modified throughout the Austrian rule in Poland,  survived in that region even till 1951. Jędrzej Krupiński, designated by the empress Maria Theresa as The Chief Medical Officer, put a lot of effort in organizing medical matters, including pharmaceutical matters, as the rules of running a pharmacy were not always obeyed, especially when a pharmacy was run by a deceased pharmacist’s widow without necessary qualifications. People started appointing pharmaceutical governments with the main aim to protect pharmacists’ business. Pharmacists from Lvov led to the reduction of pharmacies in town by limiting medicines distribution by military and convent pharmacies as well as these run by non-pharmacists. There also existed pharmaceutical societies which were active in many fields.  The most famous pharmacists in the Subcarpathian region were: Ignacy Łukasiewicz and Jan Zeh - authorities in the field of crude oil distillation; Teodor Torosiewicz - mineral waters researcher; Wilhelm Zajàczkowski - a pharmacist from Strzyżów and a publisher in the field of applied pharmaceutics; Franciszek Pik-Mirandola - a poet and a translator. The first, and for long, the one pharmacy in Rzeszów was a district pharmacy of Edward Hibl, the inheritor of a convent pharmacy. In 1881, in the town with eleven thousand inhabitants there were two pharmacies running and in 1910 their number exceeded to five. The sixth one was founded in 1934 by Ferdynand Lipczyński, the first and the only president of the regional Pharmaceutical Chamber.
Lidia Maria Czyż

   The following article describes the history of the Provincial Pharmacists Association and general atmosphere amongst pharmacists from Galicia in the first decade of the 20th  century. The Provincial Pharmacists Association was founded in 1902 with the aim of protecting the interests of pharmacists from small towns, neglected by official pharmaceutical organizations from Lvov and Cracow. The Association didn’t have a permanent seat and its members met with Association’s authorities in towns from the Subcarpathian region: Przemyśl, Rzeszow, Ustrzyki Dolne, Przeworsk. The majority of Association’s members and authorities also came from the present Subcarpathian region. The remarkable aspect of the Provincial Pharmacists Association’s history is a disparity between very ambitious plans of its authorities, including the pharmaceutical profession reform, and slight success of its activities.  The article also mentions financial problems, members’ insubordination and press conferences of the Association’s authorities. The article explains why the Association stopped its activities. Among source texts used in the following article there are yearbooks of pharmaceutical magazines from Galicia describing board meetings and members’ conventions, Pharmaceutical Association Journal („Czasopismo Towarzystwa Aptekarskiego”) and Pharmaceutical Chronicle („Kronika Farmaceutyczna”).
Maciej Bilek

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