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By Pogranicze Media
Published: 10.08.2010

Town of three nations.
    Through the centuries Leżajsk was known as a place where three nations lived together. Poles, Russian and Jude were able to spend their lives together in peace and  mutual coexistence. The first historical references originate from 1354. In this year the Polish king Kazimierz the Great gave this land to Jan Pakosław from Stróżyk.
   In the 14c Leżajsk was a part of the royal land and belonged to Russian Voivodship. In 1397 the Polish king Władysław II Jagiełło established Leżajsk  a town by giving the urban rights.
   Since 1424 the town was the principal place of district. Unfortunately, the town couldn’t be fully developed, because of  numerous invasions of  Tatars and Vlachs. This situation worried the next Polih king Sigismund I the Old (Zygmunt I Stary) and that’s why he decided to relocated Leżajsk from its former place near the San River to the safer territory. On the old place new village was established (Stare Miasto). In 1578 the town has 1120 inhabitants and over 50 crafts’ workshops.

Town Hall and the Bell Tower
   Neo - renaissance town hall was erected in years 1869-1879.
   Currently it houses the towns municipal offices. The present town hall was built by Karol Kubik in the place of former single-storied house from the 18th century. Bell Tower built in 1616. It was built Feliks Skaryszewski as one of the components of towns fortification within the framework of the Parish Church complex. Nowadays, the ground floor of the tower houses Tourist Information Centre.

Towns centre
    The historic centre of townhouses with types of unique front facades partially from XVIII and XIX century. However, after the Grant Fire of 1906 the reconstructed sections are made eclectic facades. One of the most interesting is the house at number 32 with the original 17th century cellars. This building used to serve, at tut time, as the regional Austrian Court of Law as well as local grant. At present in the centre of towns square there is a monument of a Polish King Władysław Jagiełło.
   This memorial monument is made of molded bronze. It was founded in 1997 by the local arteries to honor 600 years since Leżajsk was amended the town rights by the King.

photo (zakapior)

Basilica of  St. Bernardino of Siena.

    ... The baroque interior is covered by frescos of the artists from Lviv. The high altar contains an icon of Blessed Mary painted by  priest Erazm (1590). The shrine is one of the oldest in our region.
   One of the greatest element of the interior  is the church organs which was built in 1675-1678. The church organs is considered to be one of the most significant and priceless monument of the European sacral art.  In the central presbytery  there is a high altar with St. Bernardino’s stalls (1648). The renaissance pulpit and the high altar are worth to be seen.

photo (zakapior)

The Parish church complex.
- dates from the beginning of 17th century and is situated at 35 Rynek St. The Parish in Leżajsk was set up in year 1400 by king WŁadysław Jagiełło. The historical alter includes a famous painting of Virgin Mary with the Child (1600).

photo (zakapior)

Jewish cemetery with the grave of Zaddik Elimelech Weinsblum.
- was one of the greatest members of the Hassidic movement. He lived in years 1717-1787 and worked as a psychologist and philosopher.

photo (zakapior)

Orthodox complex of Greek Catholic Parish Church.
- of Blessed Virgins was erected in 1832. Nowadays it is Roman Catholics branch church of Merciful Lord Jesus for children and youth.

photo (zakapior)

translated by JustynaB

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