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History Galicia and Lodomeria, Zakarpacie, Podole, Wołyń, Kresy.
Castles of the Podkarpacie Region /1
By Pogranicze Media
Published: 25.04.2010

Royal castles, lordly palaces full of splendor, Old Polish manor - houses, hidden among aged parks, and majestic ruins of the former seats - all this may be seen while travelling through the picturesque corners of the PODKARPACIE Region.
... come, see, comment...

Baranów Sandomierski
The history of the generations – Leszczyński, Wiśniowiecki, Sanguszko, Lubomirski,  Małachowski, Potocki, Krasicki and Dolański…
... the castle in Baranów, the old seat of the Leszczyński family, is an impressive example of the Renaissance architecture, one of the best preserved ones in Europe
… a beautiful park...

Photo Paweł Rut


Ligęza, Koniecpolski, Tarnowski, Rey...
... localization of Przecław probably falls on the times of Bolesław the Chaste…
... the manor was in the hands of the Ligęza family till 1548...
... in the  17th century Przecław was bought by the Tarnowski family, who after 20 years sold it to Władysław Rey...

Photo Paweł Rut

... Pilecki, Stadnicki, Lubomirski, Potocki...
... the castle in Łańcut is one of the most beautiful, the best preserved and the most frequently visited castles…
... it was classified to the group of international monuments...
Stanisław Lubomirski
, whose wife was Izabela Czartoryska...


... the history of the family - ... Kmita "fief of Sobieńsk"... and Stadnicki...
… at the turn of the 14th and 15th centuries, Lesko with the broad goods was bestowed to the Kmita family from Wiśnicz, Szreniawa coat of arms, by king Vladislaus Jagiełło…
... Lesko was one of many villages belonging to the Kmita family...

Krasicki, Modrzewski, Wojakowski, Tarło, Potocki, Piniński, Sapiecha...
... the castle in Krasiczyn,  one of the most beautiful treasures of Renaissance - Mannerist architecture, it belongs to the most beautiful castles in Europe...
... the fact that Sigismund III Vasa, Władysław IV, John Casimir and Augustus II visited the castle speaks about the castle’s past…

worked out by Zakapior
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz
(Paweł Rut, Jan, bo, ordynat, mk, zakapior)


The Southern Castles
By Pogranicze Media
Published: 25.01.2010

“Dunajec” castle in Niedzica

   In 1412 in the castle in Niedzica situated within the Hungarian border, Ladislaus Jagiello’s delegation paid the  Hungary 37 threescore of Prague pennies, in deposit 13 Spiš towns including Niedzica itself...
   In 1425 the castle belonged to a descendant of John Berzeviczy, Peter Schwarz from Łomnica, and after that time, it went into the hands of his son, John Schwarz. Berzeviczy’s castle must have been a strong fortress because in the 30’s of the 15th century the Hussites destroyed the neighboring area, but they even did not try to attack the fortress in Niedzica. In 1463 John pledged the castle to Emeryk Zápolya, who took it over permanently after a childless death of Berzeviczy...

Ruins of “Wronin” castle in Czorsztyn

   In the 14th century on a high rocky hill by the Dunajec River there was a watch tower in which Bolesław the Chaste with  his wife Kinga found a shelter while escaping the Tatars’ invasion. At the turn of the 13th century in the Northern part of the foundation, a detached round tower was erected on the rock. Not long after that, probably around 1350, Casimir the Great, striving for safety of the border with Hungary, erected a brick castle. In the following centuries the castle was a centre of the king’s authority and a seat of starosts appointed for life…

   Zawisza the Black had his seat there when he took up the Spiš County
Zhukiewicz Bohdan
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz
photos granted by Antoni Hadała, Piotr Hadała, (vico, bo, zakapior)


The Dunajec Valley Route
By Pogranicze Media
Published: 25.05.2009

Wytrzyszczka Tropsztyn castle

On the left western bank of the Dunajec River, on a steep hill being a promontory of the Czchow Lake, 429 meters above  the sea level, there is the Tropsztyn Castle. It guarded a so called Sądecka Gate through which two important trade routes from Poland to Upper Hungary, i.e. Slovakia, lead: the water route and the inland route. From the beginning, Tropsztyn functioned as a private fortress, whose owners often lawlessly tried to take the control over these routes.
- the Ośmioróg family, also called the Gierałt family, was the first owners and the builders of the castle. The oldest preserved mention about the already bricked castle comes from 1382. However, there are presumptions that its beginnings reach the end of the 13th century.

Ruins, a castle and a tower in Czchów

- it is one of the oldest royal castles guarding a trade route leading to Hungary with a customs house recorded for the first  time in 1327. From the 14th century till the 17th century the castle was an administrative base of the royal goods - Czchów district existing since the first partition of Poland in 1772. The district embraced Czchów - the town reigned by the German law and villages: Stróża, Wola Stróska, Siemiechów.
   The beginnings of the castle situated by the Dunajec River on a hill on the right side of the town reach the times of reign of Wenceslaus II Premyslid (1292-1305). The oldest bricked element - a tall tower preserved almost in its full height (28 m) - was erected on the eastern, lower promontory of the wide hill separated by a moat from its remaining part.
Zhukiewicz Bohdan
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz
photo (bo)


Famous people from the history of Kresy
By Pogranicze Galicja
Published: 25.01.2009

* King Bolesław the Bold
* King Casimir the Great
* Prince Konstanty Ostrogski
* King 
Stephen Báthory
* Prince Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski
* Hetman Stanisław Żółkiewski
* Khmelnytsky Bohdan Zenobi
* King John Casimir
* Prince Jeremi Michał Wiśniowiecki
* King Jan III Sobieski

„Of chains and disgrace the mere thought abusive
Offends the honesty of free Podolanka,
Therefore, she grabs her child into her arms,
Like Scyths formerly in Tauryka priestesses,
Grabbing two knives stern for enemies,
Grand! (She called) my Fathers’ God,
And you their shadows! You have two victims,
Both innocent – accept both of them,
One will fall at the freedom’s grave;
The other - purer - at the altar of faith!”

* Anna Dorota Chrzanowska
   According to Chrzanowski’s last will, she was Anna Dorota von Frezen, so  she was German not Pole. For the first time the name Zofia was mentioned in 1828 by Zaborowski in his poem. Others called her Małgorzata.

Worked out by Bohdan Zhukiewicz

translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz

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