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Bieszczady - The representative area of Podkarpacie
By Pogranicze Media
Published: 05.05.2010

Over 47 percent of Podkarpacie territory are under the preservation  from which 37 percent  constitute forests. Taking under consideration the tourists, this  region is perfect for active people, who like hiking, water sports or horse riding. You can find those attractions in Bieszczady, where the tourists are astonished by its’ wildness and picturesqueness. Here you will find The Bieszczadzki National Park, which already has its’ place on UNESCO list.  His park is a part of Global Reservation of Biosphere (Eastern Karpaty). In this area we can still meet brown bears, European bisons, wolves, lynxes, deer and Escallops snakes. That kind of attractions are  hard to find in Western Europe countries and that is why Bieszczady can be a serious adventure for tourists,  who are tired of civilization which still is expanding in European Union countries. The perfect example is Helmut Melzer from Austria, who has  settled in Rabem (Czarna commune). This Austrian,  enchanted by the wildness of mountains  settled in Bieszczady 8 years ago and set up a agricultural farm, which encourages tourist from Germany and Austria to come.  The things which are natural and common for us, create the unique atmosphere of these region for him. He seems to be very concern when tells about the history of  Bieszczady, that is Austrian annexation, The World War II and the fighting during it, Wisła action and mass displacements, also about deserted villages and the end of 1960s, when the legend of Bieszczady has just been becoming alive. this legend tells about people who were looking for freedom and better world. Mr. Melzer tells those stories to his German and Austrian friends. The result is that more and more people  visit Bieszczady.
Zakapior
translated by JB

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Sobień
By Pogranicze Media
Published: 30.04.2010

The Ruins of Sobień castle, - are located at a height of 564 meters above sea level. The origins of this stronghold date back to the 13th century. It guarded the trade route. Build in the 14th century the castle belonged to the king, in the next century it came into private ownership becoming the family seat of the Kmita family. In chronicles it is written that Piotr Kmita hosted the Polish king Vladislaw Jagiello together with his new bride from Sanok, Elizabeth from the Pilecki Granowski family.
Bohdan Zhukiewicz (photo zakapior)
translated by Justyna Rymarowicz


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Lemkos...
By Pogranicze Media
Published: 29.04.2010

Adam Pomykała
translated by Agata Pomykała


Lemko land.

Lemkos lands are spreading through area: west for the Poprad river, and to the East for valley of river Osława. In years 30 of the 20th century Lemko population were estimated on about 100 - 150 thousands. They inhabited 170 villages, often constituting the integrated community, living together with with Poles, Roms, Jews.

Origin

 Main element of the self-determination always was and is: local identity, the connection with the soil, the awareness of the unity and separatnesses, own dialect, model of the culture, eastern rite,. Names such as Lemko, Lemkovyna was given to Lemko-Rusyns in Poland at the beginning of the 19th century. Under the ethnic account Lemkos are an ethnically diversified group. One consider themselves the separate nation, other behind an ethnic group of the nation of the Ukrainian. A conscious choice of the nationality started only in the XIX century and actually this process given up didn't close with the deportation up till today.

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Boykos...
By Pogranicze Media
Published: 28.04.2010

Adam Pomykała
translated by Agata Pomykała


The Boyko.
They moved to the region at the turn of the 15th and the 16th centuries. Out of many ethnic groups which settled in the Carpathian Mountains area they preserved the most of their Ruskin identity The impact of Polish customs and traditions on them was very limited. They did not stand out as an ethnic group either.
 Clothes. Their clothing was more humble than the Lemkos. They made both cloth and clothes they wore themselves. Cloth was obtained in the process of felting of woolen fabric in fuelling mills. Men and women wore white clothes and brown vests. Elements of other colors
were very
rare. Pasturing the cattle they wore sheep-skin coats to protect themselves against winds.
The Boykos main activity - was rearing the cattle on a big scale, at which they were really good.
Architecture. Boyko cottage had four-pitched straw roofs.
Smoke from the stove was either channeled to the loft or simply got out the room through a hole in the wall. Their churches were similar. The main nave was the highest and the presbytery and the babiniec were lower. The bell tower always stood separately. The roof was shingled. The only  preserved Boyko historic church is in Smolnik, but some Orthodox churches situated elsewhere e.g. Grąziowa, Listkowate and Równia were modeled on this architecture.
Boyko villages were built along a stream or creek.
Fields were divided in long narrow stripes and cottages stood at either end of the field. The church and the cemetery were situated in the centre of the village. The mail, the inn and the manor were placed at some distance. Crosses and small chapels were put up at the crossroads, but never on places where someone died.
The Boyko populated area - extended from Solinka, which inhabited by the Lemko, trough the range of Wołosań and Chryszczata to Turzańsk and Rzepedź, in which the Lemko lived.

Bojkos
The highlanders who inhabit the western slopes of the Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains live isolated from the outside world where their folk customs and rites remain preserved.
Their lives differ little from those of their ancestors - they inhabit the same villages and, more often than not, live in the very same, traditional, timber houses. Their existence closely follows the cycles of nature, and depends solely on the small fields they cultivate on the steep mountain slopes and the few animals they raise for their own use.
Over the centuries they have been labeled with numerous nationalities; in turn they have been citizens of
Poland, Hungary, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the USSR and Ukraine, without ever leaving their villages, yet they still stich to their local Boiko identity.

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The history of Baligród
By Pogranicze Media
Published: 27.04.2010

Adam Pomykała
translated by Agata Pomykała

Bala family.
   Piotr and Paweł (Peter and Paul) were two brothers and knights who came from Hungary. King Kazimierz Wielki (Casmir the Great), in a document issued on June 25, 1361 in Cracow, presented them with a lot of land in the south-east part  of the district of Sanok. Piotr and Paweł started a family which split into two main lines. Piotr is the ancestor of the  Balas and Paweł of the Dedeńskis. Jan of Nowotaniec, Piotr grandson was nicknamed Bal (Log) because he was a man of imposing physique. The next generations made the nickname their family name. Matiasz, the son of Jan, transferred the seat of the family to Haczew. Throughout the 15th and the 16th centuries the Balas colonized the land belonging to them i.e. the valleys of the Hoczewka and the Solinka rivers and became one of the most significant families in the region. Mammy Balas held high offices in the district of Sanok. In 1552 over 30 villages situated on their land were listed in a tax register, including Stężnica, Wołkowyja, Terka, Łopienka, Cisna, Żubracze. In the following century a distant relative of Piotr - the founder of the family, Piotr Bala, the chamberlain of the distinct of Sanok, started a private town of Baligród, where the family residence was transferred. In 1600 - 1615 he had a fortified stone castle was constructed in a place very convenient to defend, because it was surrounded by the Stężnica stream and marshes.

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BNP
By Pogranicze Media
Published: 25.04.2010

Bieszczady National Park was established on the 4th August 1973 on the area of 5.587 hectares, further extended to present size of 29.200 hectares; while the buffer zone of this largest Polish montage national park covers some additional 55.800 hectares. The main task of the park is to protect natural and landscape features characteristic for the East Carpathians, especially;
> unique, long stretches of mountain meadows above the upper forest limit, called "Połoniny" encompassing stands of rare East-Carpathian and alpine plant species,
> natural forest biosensors including fragments of the Carpathian primeval forest - a refuge for large carnivores and birds of prey,
> picturesque valleys of former villages - a natural phenomenon called "the land of Bieszczady valleys">
BNP is the only one protecting all large mammals and carnivores native to Poland, including the brown bear, wolf, lynx and wildcat. BNP succeeded in reintroducing the beaver and the European bison, roaming in the past in Bieszczady as well as breeding the Hustle horse, native to the East Carpathians.
In 1998 BNP was awarded the European Diploma by the Council of Europe, distinguishing well-manage protected areas of outstanding natural values.
 BNP constitutes the central part of the World's first trilateral Biosphere Reserve "East Carpathians" designated under the auspices of the UNESCO-MaB programmer in neighboring areas of Poland, the Slovak republic and Ukraine.
For more information on natural resources of Bieszczady National Park and their protection please visit the website at:
http://www.bdpn.pl/

Bieszczady National Park has become a PAN Park in September 2002 because of its outstanding natural values and habitat management. The certification is based on the judgment of an independent verification team that has visited the area in June 2002 and evaluated the National Park according to the PAN Parks Principles and Criteria.
Zakapior
translated by JB

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My Bieszczady
By Pogranicze Media
Published: 22.04.2010


photo (bo)

* Reservation  "Sine Wiry"
* Duszatynskie Lakes reservation "Zwięzło"
* The Osława's Valley Route
* The narrow gauge railway in (Bieszczadzka ciuchcia)

Ordynat, Zakapior, Roman Holzer,
translated by
 JB



photo (ordynat, bo, zakapior)

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You have to see it (My Bieszczady)
By Pogranicze Media
Published: 17.04.2010


photo (bo)

* Lake Solina
* The grave of "the Countess Klara”

* Bieszczady’s meadows (P
ołoniny)
* Krzemieniec, (Kremenec, Kremenaros) - the mountain located within three boarders
* The wooden architecture route.

Zakapior, Ordynat,
translated by JB


photo Natalia Habowska (ordynat, bo, zakapior)

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... photo...

Sine Wiry - (photo bo)

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