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The history of Baligród
By Pogranicze Media
Published: 27.04.2010

   Next to the castle a town was built and named after the founder Baligród. The town was given a coat of arms, which was created, similarly as the name, from the family coat of arms of the Balas. It depicted a double white lily and a golden garter on a red background. At the end of 17th century i.e. during Jan Bala the chamberlain of Sanok district s administration Baligród was one of the leading economy centre's in the region. It was known for wine fairs. Revelries and convention of the gentry of the district were held in the town. In 1670 Stefan Bala, the then proprietor of Baligród and the chamberlain and the standard keeper of the district, was entrusted with a task of defending the area against raids of Hungarian robbers. Special units, called smolaki, were created for this purpose. The successful development of the town and of the family was disturbed by a Swedish invasion in 1704. The Balas evacuated to Hungary and Baligród and the castle were plundered and burnt down. The Balas returned to Baligród, but seeing how badly the castle was destroyed they decided not to reconstruct it. The ruins were gradually used up as a building material for constructing other buildings. Two centuries later Baligród was in a really bad situation. The railway was developing rapidly and the great times when a trade route running from the town through the Pass nad Roztokami Górnymi to Hungary brought profits were gone. At those times the family split considerably and its great power was reduced because of the numerous divisions of the estate. The line of the Balas from Baligród finished with the death of Salomea Bala-Karsznicka in 1770.
Adam Pomykała
translated by Agata Pomykała

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