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TOURISM from SK - Zemplín, Šariš, Spiš, Liptov, Orava, (region)
East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
By Pogranicze SK
Published: 10.12.2012

Geographic situation

   Poloniny National Park (hereafter NP) and Východné Karpaty (East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (hereafter BR) is situated in eastern-most Slovakia at the junction of the political boundaries of three European countries - Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine. In terms of geography and  ecology, its territory corresponds with the important transition between the West Carpathian and East Carpathian ecosystems and ecosystems, which is clearly reflected in the distribution of plant and animal populations and in the overlapping biotic communities. The transboundary interconnection of the Carpathian scenery found adequate expression in the establishment of large-scale conservation areas in all countries concerned, and later led to unification of these areas under the umbrella of UNESCO biosphere reserves.

   The climate reflects the diversity of the relief. Three of the zones of the Slovakia climatic classification can be recognized. The warm zone, with  a mean annual temperature of 7 to 8°C and a mean annual precipitation total of 800 mm, is found in the lowest parts of the Cirocha and Ublianka valleys. The moderately warm zone extends from 400 to 800 m, and has a mean annual temperature of 5 °C and a mean annual precipitation of 900 mm. The highest parts of the region are in the cold zone, with a mean annual temperature of 4 to 5 °C and a mean annual precipitation above 1000 mm.
   Highest temperatures usually occur in July, when the maximum mean temperature ranges from 20,2 to 24,2 °C,  depending on elevation. The coldest month is January, with minimum mean temperatures between -8,6 and -8,2 °C. Precipitation occurs throughout the year, and generally exceeds evaporation. Prevailing winds are northwest and southwest, following the direction of the mountain ridges. Winds blow along the valleys, and turn perpendicularly to ridges at saddles and passes.

... photo...

... widok ze Starej Lubovny na Tatry - (photo zakapior)

Trenčiansky hrad - photo Frantisek













Spišská Nová Ves

Stará Ľubovňa



Liptovský Mikuláš


Dolný Kubín